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(1703) A Voyage to New Holland in the Year 1699 (Transcript & Link) – Dampier, William (Capt.)

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(1703) A Voyage to New Holland in the Year 1699 (Transcript & Link) – Dampier, William (Capt.)
October 17
21:10 2015

(1703) A Voyage to New Holland in the Year 1699 – Dampier, William

William Dampier (baptised 5 Sep. 1651 – Mar. 1715) was the first Englishman to explore parts of what is today Australia, and the first person to circumnavigate the world three times. He has also been described as Australia’s first natural historian, as well as one of the most important British explorers of the period between Sir Walter Raleigh and James Cook.

He began his career sailing under known buccaneers and privateers before receiving a commission in the Royal Navy and was a noted explorer, naturalist and navigator as well as being arrested by the Dutch for piracy.

Dampier influenced several figures better known than he:

– He made important contributions to navigation, collecting for the first time data on currents, winds and tides across all the world’s oceans that was used by James Cook and Horatio Nelson.
Daniel Defoe, author of Robinson Crusoe, was likely inspired by accounts of real-life castaway Alexander Selkirk, a crew member on Dampier’s voyages.
Jonathan Swift explicitly mentions Dampier in his Gulliver’s Travels as a mariner comparable to Lemuel Gulliver.
– His notes on the fauna and flora of north-western Australia were studied by naturalist and scientist Joseph Banks, who made further studies during the first voyage with James Cook. This helped lead to the naming of and colonisation of Botany Bay and the founding of modern Australia.
– His reports on breadfruit led to William Bligh‘s ill-fated voyage in HMS Bounty.
– Another storied crew mate of Dampier’s, Simon Hatley, who is best remembered for shooting an albatross while his ship battled storms off Cape Horn, influenced the writing of Samuel Taylor Coleridge‘s poem The Rime of the Ancient Mariner.
– His observations and analysis of natural history helped Charles Darwin develop his scientific theories.
– He is cited over 80 times in the Oxford English Dictionary, notably on words such as “barbecue”, “avocado”, “chopsticks” and “sub-species” his use of them in his writings is the first known example in English.

Further reading;

A New Voyage Around the World (1697)
http://gutenberg.net.au/ebooks05/0500461h.html
Voyages and Descriptions (1699)
http://eco.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.34673/3?r=0&s=1
A Voyage to New Holland (1703)
http://gutenberg.net.au/ebooks/e00046.html
A Supplement of the Voyage Round the World (1705)
The Campeachy Voyages (1705)
A Discourse of Winds (1705)
A Continuation of a Voyage to New Holland (1709)
http://gutenberg.net.au/ebooks/e00047.html

Oil on canvas, c. 1697-1698

Oil on canvas, c. 1697-1698

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Paul Bradley

Paul Bradley

Paul has almost 20 years of experience at the highest level of the drinks industry as a consultant, trainer, operations manager and master mixologist specializing in new openings, systems and contract negotiations in Europe, the Middle East and South East Asia. Paul is also an avid historian and collector regarding the international drinks trade and serves as our in-house librarian for our Digital Drinks Books section.

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